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An Introduction to Mathematical Logic and Type Theory

To Truth Through Proof

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Kurzbeschreibung

In case you are considering to adopt this book for courses with over 50 students, please contact ties.nijssen@springer.com  for more information. This introduction to mathematical logic starts with propositional calculus and first-order logic. Topics covered include syntax, semantics, soundness, completeness, independence, normal forms, vertical paths through negation normal formulas, compactness, Smullyan's Unifying Principle, natural deduction, cut-elimination, semantic tableaux, Skolemization, Herbrand's Theorem, unification, duality, interpolation, and definability. The last three chapters of the book provide an introduction to type theory (higher-order logic). It is shown how various mathematical concepts can be formalized in this very expressive formal language. This expressive notation facilitates proofs of the classical incompleteness and undecidability theorems which are very elegant and easy to understand. The discussion of semantics makes clear the important distinction between standard and nonstandard models which is so important in understanding puzzling phenomena such as the incompleteness theorems and Skolem's Paradox about countable models of set theory.Some of the numerous exercises require giving formal proofs. A computer program called ETPS which is available from the web facilitates doing and checking such exercises.Audience: This volume will be of interest to mathematicians, computer scientists, and philosophers in universities, as well as to computer scientists in industry who wish to use higher-order logic for hardware and software specification and verification.

Details
Schlagworte

Titel: An Introduction to Mathematical Logic and Type Theory
Autoren/Herausgeber: Peter B. Andrews
Aus der Reihe: Applied Logic Series
Ausgabe: 2nd ed. 2002. Softcover reprint of the original 2nd ed. 2002

ISBN/EAN: 9789048160792

Seitenzahl: 390
Format: 23,5 x 15,5 cm
Produktform: Taschenbuch/Softcover
Gewicht: 629 g
Sprache: Englisch

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