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Early Indicators Early Treatments Neuroprotection in Multiple Sclerosis

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There is now evidence that irreversible brain damage accumulates very early in the course of multiple sclerosis. This book reviews the main neurobiological, magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical aspects of the early phases of the dis ease. Mechanisms ofirreversible axonal damage and the role played by the inter action of glia and the axon are highlighted. In contrast to what was believed for a long time, the sufficient availability of oligodendrocyte precursor cells to promote remyelination in acute lesions has now been demonstrated. For reasons not understood, this remyelination process fails or does not start, particularly in the chronic stages ofthe disease. These findings emphasize the importance of the "milieu" changes induced by an inflammatory process in limiting remyelination. However, first indications are that part of this inflammatory process may have a neuroprotective effect. Pathological studies in multiple sclerosis have now clearly demonstrated that destructive processes may be followed by recovery phases in such a way that myelin may be morphologically and functionally reconstituted. These findings provide the rationale for early treatment and emphasize the importance of clinical trials in early multiple sclerosis. Early treatment is one of the most important aspects in multiple sclerosis today.

Details
Schlagworte

Titel: Early Indicators Early Treatments Neuroprotection in Multiple Sclerosis
Autoren/Herausgeber: O.R. Hommes, G. Comi
Aus der Reihe: Topics in Neuroscience
Ausgabe: 2004

ISBN/EAN: 9788847001954

Seitenzahl: 199
Format: 23,5 x 15,5 cm
Produktform: Hardcover/Gebunden
Gewicht: 1,080 g
Sprache: Englisch

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