Biomass is a renewable resource, whose utilization has receivedgreat attention due to environmental considerations and theincreasing demands of energy worldwide. Since the energy crises ofthe 1970s, many countries have become interested in biomass as afuel source to expand the development of domestic and renewableenergy sources, reduce the environmental impacts of energyproduction provide rural prosperity for its poor farmers andbolster a flat agricultural sector. Biomass energy(bioenergy) can be an important alternative in the future and amore sustainable energy. In fact, for large portions of therural populations of developing countries, and for the poorestsections of urban populations, biomass is often the only availableand affordable source of energy for satisfying basic needs ascooking and heating.
The focus of this book is to present a historical overview,country perspectives, the use of biomass to produce biofuels, thecurrent and upcoming sources of biofuels, technologies andprocesses for biofuel production, the various types of biofuelsand, specifically, the ways and means to make biofuel productionsustainable, economically feasible, minimize environmental damageand to deliver on its many promises.The Energy and Environment book series from ScrivenerPublishing and series editor, James G. Speight, aims to cover theenvironmental impacts and social concerns of energy production inits various forms. This first volume in the Energy and theEnvironment series offers a comprehensive coverage of one ofthe fastest-growing and most important sources of energy,biofuels. Future volumes will cover oil and gas, wind andsolar energy, and their environmental aspects.