Titel: Europe as the Other
Autoren/Herausgeber: Judith Becker, Brian Stanley (Hrsg.)
Aus der Reihe: Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte Mainz - Beihefte
Ausgabe: 1. Auflage
Format: 23,7 x 16 cm
Dr. theol. habil. Judith Becker is senior researcher at the Leibniz Institute of European History, Mainz, Germany. Professor Brian Stanley is director of the Centre for the Study of World Christianity at the University of Edinburgh.
There has been much academic debate over recent years on Europe defining itself over against the 'Other.' This volume asks from the opposite perspective: What views did non-Europeans hold of 'European Christianity'? In this way, the volume turns the agency of definition over to non-Europeans. Over the last centuries, the contacts between Europeans and non-Europeans have been diverse and complex. Non-Europeans encountered Europeans as colonialists, traders, missionaries and travellers. Most of those Europeans were Christians or were perceived as Christians. Therefore, in terms of religion Europe was often identified with Christianity. Europeans thus also conveyed a certain image of Christianity to non-European countries. At the same time, non-Europeans increasingly travelled to Europe and experienced a kind of Christianity that often did not conform to the picture they had formed earlier. Their descriptions of European Christianity ranged from sympathetic acceptance to harsh criticism. The contributions in this volume reveal the breadth of these opinions. They also show that there is no clear line of division between 'insiders' and 'outsiders', but that Europeans could sometimes perceive themselves as being 'outsiders' in their own culture while non-Europeans could adopt 'insider' perspectives. Furthermore, from these encounters new religious and cultural expressions could emerge.