Interest in Ginkgo biloba has grown dramatically in the last 10 years, along with a corresponding increase in research on this unique plant. This book provides an overview and recent findings concerning cell biology, biochemistry, development, morphology, phylogeny, paleobotany, as well as possible applications in chemistry and medicine. It also covers environmental aspects and the relationship between G. biloba and humans. The book will be of wide interest to botanists, horticulturists and scientists working on this attractive and useful plant. This book commemorates the hundredth anniversary of the discovery of Ginkgo sperm by Sakugoro Hirase and will both stimulate further study, and contribute to the development of new fields in Ginkgo research.