Noise pollution is an environmental stressor with growing importance in regard to public health. Despite a growing interest, a multidisciplinary approach to objectively assess and evaluate noise is still needed. Children are particularly vulnerable to environmental pollutants. Short and long-term data of noise effects on children`s health including long-term implications on learning and memory capabilities, which may result in academic disadvantages, need further investigation. As environmental stressors such as noise and air pollution have a lifelong influence on children`s health and their entire adult life, it is important to gain further solid multidisciplinary information in order to guide futere policy implementations and stakeholders.