In an initiation rite, the person taking seat on a throne is allowed social rebirth into a higher status. This notion derives from the “primal throne” as an abstraction of a Mother Goddess on whose lap the enthroned one is sitting as her child. This is supported my the meaning of the name of the Mother Goddess Isis [= throne]. Additionally, epitheta with -thronos in Greek lyrics and anthropomorphic throne models only refer to female deities. Ancient territorial names always adopt female form when being sacralised due to their having been split-off Mother Earth. Since Greeks and Romans rejected non-pictorial cults, an empty throne did not symbolise the invisible presence, but the imminent arrival of a deity: during the initiation ceremony [sellisternium, thronosis, thronismos] of a mystery cult as well as in sacred kingship, when dominance of a mother land was legitimised by marrying the Earth Goddess via her priestess and expressed by sitting on the mother, i.e. the throne, and putting on a wreath. Such ideas persisted from the picture programme of the Parthenon with the wedding of Athena and Hephaestus down to S. Maria Maggiore in Rome [432-440] with Mary, the Mater Ecclesiae, marrying Christ.