In order to convey an impression of the wealth and traditions of the topic to those teaching or learning Latin, the volume provides an exemplary insight into the development of Latin poetry and occidental literature by means of Latin poems. To this purpose one poem per century has been selected, translated as literally as possible, and discussed according to different aspects. This non-methodic approach has been chosen in order to reveal, during the process of reading, the organic but also erratic development of cultural products. All texts have indiscriminately been transformed into the orthography of 21st-century school books which, although an act of alienation, secures their comparability. A bibliography at the end of each chapter gives access to further reading. The discussions single out certain aspects by which the poem can be explained as a product of its specific time. The spectrum of authors reaches from Livius Andronicus [died around 200 B.C.] to Mauro Pisini [born 1962] with famous writers such as Catullus, Ausonius, Venantius Fortunatus, Hrotsvitha of Gandersheim, and Arthur Rimbaud side by side with less familiar poets.