In susceptible individuals, malignant hyperthermia (MH) can be triggered by various anesthetics during surgery. First described in 1960, research since then has concentrated on reducing the very high mortality rate associated with MH. Although significant progress in treatment has been made with the introduction of dantrolene sodium in 1979, many questions remain unanswered. Following on the results of more than 30 years of investigative efforts, the Third International Symposium on MH was held in Hiroshima, Japan, in 1994, immediately before the Seventh International Workshop on MH. Specialists in the field discussed the most up-to-date findings from the point of view of clinical classification, history, and incidence based on the evidence of epidemiology, diagnostic muscle testing, genetics, and biochemistry. These proceedings of the symposium present important keys to understanding the mechanism of MH and related syndromes at the genetic level and include procedures for the monitoring and care of patients. This volume will be invaluable not only for surgeons and anesthesiologists but also for physiologists and researchers.