Mathematical Theory of Compressible Fluid Flow covers the conceptual and mathematical aspects of theory of compressible fluid flow. This five-chapter book specifically tackles the role of thermodynamics in the mechanics of compressible fluids. This text begins with a discussion on the general theory of characteristics of compressible fluid with its application. This topic is followed by a presentation of equations delineating the role of thermodynamics in compressible fluid mechanics. The discussion then shifts to the theory of shocks as asymptotic phenomena, which is set within the context of rational mechanics. The remaining two chapters is a thorough description of the hodograph method. These chapters provide a comparison of the modern integration theories. The features, characteristics, and application of transonic flow are also explored. This book is an ideal advanced textbook for both graduate students and research workers.