On 13 and 14 September 1997, municipal elections took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This book extensively covers the findings of the 363 international observers on both polling days. Were the elections `free and fair'? What did the observers record about the circumstances, procedures and security measurements at the polling stations? Which parties observed the elections, and why? How did the election process and the vote count compare to the 1996 elections? This book provides a regional profile and outlines specific problems in the various types of polling stations. The observation methodology and design of the observation reports are discussed. Finally, recommendations are made for the upcoming 1998 election observations, and future missions. The book should be of interest to students, scholars and others working in the fields of observation and analysis of elections, ethnic conflicts in the Balkans, and the role of international organisations in democratisation and peace processes.