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The Construction of Cognitive Maps

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and processes which are exclusive to humans in their encoding, storing, decoding and retrieving spatial knowledge for various tasks. The authors present and discuss connectionist models of cognitive maps which are based on local representation, versus models which are based on distributed representation, as well as connectionist models concerning language and spatial relations. As is well known, Gibson's (1979) ecological approach suggests a view on cognition which is diametrically different from the classical main stream view: perception (and thus cognition) is direct, immediate and needs no internal information processing, and is thus essentially an external process of interaction between an organism and its external environment. The chapter by Harry Heft introduces J. J. Gibson's ecological approach and its implication to the construction of cognitive maps in general and to the issue of wayfinding in particular. According to Heft, main stream cognitive sciences are essentially Cartesian in nature and have not as yet internalized the implications of Darwin's theory of evolution. Gibson, in his ecological approach, has tried to do exactly this. The author introduces the basic terminology of the ecological approach and relates its various notions, in particular optic flow, nested hierarchy and affordances, to navigation and the way routes and places in the environment are learned.

Details
Schlagworte

Titel: The Construction of Cognitive Maps
Autoren/Herausgeber: Juval Portugali (Hrsg.)
Aus der Reihe: GeoJournal Library
Ausgabe: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1996

ISBN/EAN: 9789048146772

Seitenzahl: 366
Format: 23,5 x 15,5 cm
Produktform: Taschenbuch/Softcover
Gewicht: 581 g
Sprache: Englisch

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