This is the first scientific book devoted to the Pauli Exclusion Principle, which is a fundamental principle of quantum mechanics and is permanently applied in chemistry, physics, molecular biology and in physical astronomy. However, while the principle has been studied for more than 90 years, rigorous theoretical foundations still have not been established and many unsolved problems remain.
Following an introduction and historical survey, this book discusses the still unresolved questions around this fundamental principle. For instance, why, according to the Pauli Exclusion Principle, are only symmetric and antisymmetric permutation symmetries for identical particles realized, while the Schrödinger equation is satisfied by functions with any permutation symmetry? Chapter 3 covers possible answers to this, while chapter 4 presents effective and elegant methods for finding the Pauli-allowed states in atomic, molecular and nuclear spectroscopy. Chapter 5 discusses parastatistics and fractional statistics, demonstrating that the quasiparticles in a periodical lattice, including excitons and magnons, are obeying modified parafermi statistics.
With detailed appendices, The Pauli Exclusion Principle: Origin, Verifications and Applications is intended as a self-sufficient guide for graduate students and academic researchers in the fields of quantum mechanics, theoretical chemistry, physics, and applied mathematics. It will be a valuable resource for any reader interested in the foundations of quantum mechanics and its applications in areas such as atomic and molecular spectroscopy, spintronics, molecular biology, and applied fields of quantum information.