Erweiterte
Suche ›

Thermodynamics of Information Processing in Small Systems

E-Book ( PDF mit Adobe DRM )
In Ihrem Land nicht verfügbar
Dieses Produkt ist auch verfügbar als:

Kurzbeschreibung

This book presents a general theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics for information processing, offering a recently constructed theory of information thermodynamics in which information contents and thermodynamic variables are treated on an equal footing.

Details
Schlagworte
Autor
Hauptbeschreibung

Titel: Thermodynamics of Information Processing in Small Systems
Autoren/Herausgeber: Takahiro Sagawa
Aus der Reihe: Springer Theses
Ausgabe: 2013

ISBN/EAN: 9784431541684

Seitenzahl: 120
Produktform: E-Book
Sprache: Englisch

Dr. Takahiro Sagawa Kyoto University Kitashirakawa Oiwake-Cho, Sakyo-Ku, Kyoto 606-8502 Japan

This thesis presents a general theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics for information processing.  Ever since Maxwell's demon was proposed in the nineteenth century, the relationship between thermodynamics and information has attracted much attention because it concerns the foundation of the second law of thermodynamics.  From the modern point of view, Maxwell's demon is formulated as an information processing device that performs measurement and feedback at the level of thermal fluctuations.  By unifying information theory, measurement theory, and the recently developed theory of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, the author has constructed a theory of "information thermodynamics," in which information contents and thermodynamic variables are treated on an equal footing.  In particular, the maximum work that can be extracted by the demon and the minimum work that is needed for measurement and information erasure by  the demon has been determined.  Additionally, generalizations of nonequilibrium relations such as a Jarzynski equality for classical stochastic systems in the presence of feedback control have been derived.  One of the generalized equalities has recently been verified experimentally by using sub-micron colloidal particles. The results obtained serve as fundamental principles for information processing in small thermodynamic systems, and are applicable to nanomachines and nanodevices.

buchhandel.de - Newsletter
Möchten Sie sich für den Newsletter anmelden?


Bitte geben Sie eine gültige E-Mail-Adresse ein.
Lieber nicht