This book reviews, updates, and synthesizes the recent accomplishments and on- ing research in the field of composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA). The volume focuses on the immunology, biotechnology, and bioengineering of CTA, as these areas have demonstrated the most growth within the field in the last five years. The text presents the entire scope of CTA in a comprehensive format. This effort details the state-of-art advances of CTA and includes the numerous accompli- ments of premier scientists and physicians from around the world engaged in the field. Significant advancements in the evolution of CTA are detailed from the h- toric legend of “Cosmas and Damian” through the most recent controversial topics of hand and face transplantation. Transplantation of Composite Tissue Allografts is an ideal and valuable resource for a diverse group of physicians, scientists, researchers, residents, and students. This book will both inform and excite all who are interested in helping patients benefit from transplantation of composite tissue allografts.