Recent introduction of HPV vaccines has raised hopes for immunization against cervical cancer and for the first time in the history of humanity for eradication of one malignant disease. This new “opportunity” has changed many current views on cervical cancer prevention, control diagnosis and treatment. Many canons and guidelines became subject of review and many revisions are coming. This book is intended to summarize most of these events and to present them to all women in a language understandable by the eneral public. We expect the book will bring all readers the rationale for optimism and will provide guidance as how to gain knowledge and skills for critical thinking and making an educated decision when it will be necessary in their lives.