The Nazi war on European Jewry was total: it took their lives and their property. The question of what happened to that property and to the assets victims had put into safekeeping abroad, remained partly unresolved for fifty years. In 1996 it suddenly moved center stage spawning national Commissions in 25 countries seeking to document their own role in the fate of these assets. Testing the answer to "Where did all the money go" requires knowing "How much was there to begin with?" This book seeks to estimate the wealth of European Jewry in Austria, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Hungary and Poland at the eve of their domination by the Nazi regime. The estimates are the result of an adventurous journey piecing together economic, social and cultural facts. It is hoped that they represent a contribution to the story of the restoration of individual property rights as well as to research methodology.